Below is a copy of the AQA BUSS4 specification. I have tried to place links to my resources and examples you could use in each of the sections. You need to also be proactive and rather than just treat this as a list to learn, find your own examples that you can maybe better relate to and remember. There is not one set correct answer.

Unit 4 – BUSS4

  • The Business Environment and Managing Change
  • 25% of A Level
  • 1 hour 45 minutes examination
  • 80 marks

Pre-release research tasks leading to the first section of a two section examination. Second section will consist of choice of essays. All questions will be essay style and synoptic therefore drawing upon knowledge from all four units.

Manufacturing in the UK Resources (2015)

China Resources (2014): 

Exam Technique / Synoptic Resources:

BUSS4 Specification:

Specification  Amplication  BeeBusinessBee Resource  Example Organisations 

Understanding Mission, Aims and Objectives

• mission statements
• corporate aims and objectives
• corporate strategies
• differing stakeholder perspectives

Candidates should understand the purpose and nature of corporate strategies and their relationship with aims and objectives.

They should understand differing stakeholder perspectives and the potential for conflict and the pressure that stakeholders may bring to decision making.

BeeBusinessBee Finacial Objectives Tutorial

BeeBusinessBee Aims and Objectives Tutorial

Royal Mail




The Relationship between Businesses and the Economic Environment

• assessing the effects of the following factors on
business organisations:
– impact of economic factors
– trends in key economic variables
– globalisation of markets
– developments in emerging markets
• evaluating the strategies businesses might
deploy in response to these changes.

The Relationship between Businesses and the
Political and Legal Environment
• assessing the effects of:
– government intervention in the economy
– government economic policies
– political decisions affecting trade and access
to markets
– the impact of legislation relating to businesses
• evaluating responses of businesses to a
changing political and legal environment.

Candidates should be familiar with the following economic factors: the business cycle, interest rates, exchange rates, inflation, unemployment and economic growth.


Consideration might be given to the provision of products by the government, government regulation and legislation and other forms of intervention such as tax and subsidy. Monetary, fiscal policy and
supply side policies should also be considered.

Political decisions should include issues such as: the enlargement of the European Union and movestowards greater freedom of trade.

Legislation affecting businesses should include: employment law, consumer protection, environmental protection and health and safety
legislation on businesses. A broad understanding of scope and impact is all that is required.


 BeeBusinessBee Economic Cycle Presentation

BeeBusinessBee PESTLE Factors Tutorial

BeeBusinessBee Inflation Tutorial

BeeBusinessBee Exchange Rates Tutorial

 BeeBusinessBee Government Policies

Sale of Goods Act (SOGA)





Aldi / Lidi


The Relationship between Businesses and the Social Environment
• assessing the effects of:
– changes in the social environment
– the changing nature of the ethical environment
• evaluating responses of businesses to a
changing social environment including corporate
social responsibility.


Changes in the social environment might include demographic factors and environmental issues. Candidates should be aware of the actions that businesses can take to demonstrate corporate social responsibility and consider whether these reflect genuine values or are just a form of public relations.

 BeeBusinessBee Ethical Environment Presentation

How Green is the High Street?



BodyShop / L'oreal



The Relationship between Businesses and the Technological Environment

• assessing the effects of technological change
• evaluating the response of businesses to
technological change.


The impact of technological change should be considered in terms of a range of issues including: marketing opportunities, the culture of the business and the processes and systems used within the business.

 BeeBusinessBee Technological Change Presentation

How Supermarkets Use Social Media for Target Marketing

 Amazon (creating new markets)

Tesco (Stock management systems)

BT (Outsourcing)


The Relationship between Businesses and the Competitive Environment
• assessing the effects of changes in competitive
• evaluating responses of businesses to a
changing competitive environment.


Changes in the competitive structure might include: new competitors, dominant businesses (eg through takeover or merger), changes in the buying power of customers and/or changes in the selling power of

 BeeBusinessBee Competitive Environment Tutorial

BeeBusinessBee Porters 5 Forces Tutorial

BeeBusinessBee Emerging Markets Tutorial

BeeBusinessBee Ansoff Maxtrix Presentation

 EE (Tmobile / Orange)

Tesco (Supermarkets)



Internal Causes of Change

• change in organisational size
• new owners/leaders
• poor business performance.


Changes in organisation size may come about due to mergers, takeovers, organic growth and retrenchment.

 Co-Op Organisational Change and Retrenchment

BeeBusinessBee Mergers & Takeovers Tutorial

Dixons & CPW Proposed Merger

 Co-Op / Co-Op Bank / Brittannia


Dixons / CPW

Planning for Change

• purpose of corporate plans
• assessing internal and external influences on
corporate plans
• assessing the value of corporate plans.

 Corporate planning should include contingency planning.  

 Coke - Dasani Bottled Water



Sony (Failure to adapt to market changes)

 Key Influences on the Change Process:
• the meaning of leadership
• the range of leadership styles
• assessing internal and external factors
influencing leadership style
• the role of leadership in managing change
• assessing the importance of leadership.
Candidates should consider the difference between the roles of leaders and managers.  

 Tesco - Philip Clarke

Coke Cola - New Coke Mistake


 Key Influences on the Change Process:

• types of organisational culture
• reasons for and problems of changing
organisational culture
• assessing the importance of organisational

 Types of organisational culture might include: power, entrepreneurial and task.  BeeBusinessBee Culture Change Presentation

 Co-Op Organisational Change



 Types of organisational culture might include: power, entrepreneurial and task.  Influences on corporate decision-making include ethical position (real or perceived), resources available and relative power of stakeholders.

The range of management approaches to decsion making from scientific to hunch.


 Co-Op Organisational Culture / Struture / Stakeholder Power


Richard Branson Virgin Group


Implementing and Managing Change
• techniques to implement and manage change
• assessing the factors that promote and resist


Techniques to implement and manage change might include: project champions, project groups.

Factors that promote and resist change might include: clear objectives, resources and training.

 BeeBusinessBee Ansoff Maxtrix Presentation

 Royal Mail


Note: We share our teaching between two teachers so I don't have resources for all of the sections. I will add them if I get chance to create some, however there are plenty of excellent resources such as on Tutor2U which you can use to help with these sections.

My examples are suggestions and if you wish to use them, ensure you do some research into them so you know some more detail about why the example fits.


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